Munduk Coffee was established by a Balinese and European team working in partnership to revitalize high quality coffee farming in Bali’s central hills region. While making our exceptional coffees, we generate good incomes for farmers and support the local community. Our organic and regenerative farming practices protect and revitalize the environment.
Munduk Coffee aims to function as a catalyst for this process by providing the necessary support and incentives. We do this by fully integrating the production chain and returning the savings this generates in large part to farmers and the local population in a way that incentivises them to become part of this process. Fair trade and Fair chain!
Common vision: The focus on finding a balance between economic, social and environmental factors is very close to the Balinese Hindu concept of Tri Hita Karana which holds that man should seek a balance between his relation to God, the community and nature.
THE MUNDUK STORY
Revitalizing Bali’s centuries old coffee industry
From the 1880’s up until the 1980’s, the hill stations of Munduk were recognized as the most productive areas on Bali to grow coffee.
In the 1990’s coffee prices fell dramatically. Many farmers abandoned coffee farming, switching to other cash crops that brought higher revenues. This harmed the environment: soil erosion and falling water tables followed suit.
Reviving a negelected coffee plantation
Munduk Moding Plantation became a victim of this downfall. 2007, the current owners discovered this raw jewel situated high above the forest canopy. The mountainside plantation had once thrived, due to the ideal weather conditions and rich soil.
Investing in the mountain and her people
A dedicated team cleared old growth and planted shadow trees. Hunting was banished and the indigenous birds and beasts returned. Arabica coffee seedlings were planted, fresh water sources were found, the watershed was managed, necessary machinery purchased and jobs were created. A small boutique hotel was established to generate income for the project and the community.
Over time, Munduk Moding Plantation has grown to become the fertile, sustainably managed organic coffee farm it is today
Greater revenues for the people of Munduk/Gobleg
Munduk shifts many of the production processes to origin, generating jobs and income for the hardest working link in the production chain: the Balinese.
We source, process, roast, transport and distribute our coffees ourselves as much as possible to ensure optimal quality control and alignment with our vision at all stages of the production process.
This results in a stronger local economy and tighter social bonds.
Strong economic incentives to improve coffee quality
We pay 30% more for the coffee we buy from our partners in Gobleg/Munduk. This provides strong economic incentives to improve coffee quality and has generated healthy competition Because we only buy fully red, ripe cherries, “strip farming” is discouraged. In strip farming there is significant waste due to immature and sub-sized cherries.
Higher yields = more income
Our neighbours tell us that the much higher volumes of cherries they pick in this way has led to a doubling of the size of their harvest. While this means that they have to engage in multiple harvesting rounds with their families and work harder, the overall income from their land has increased by some 150% compared to last year. This is really transformational.
At Munduk Moding Plantation
The four farmers working our own plantation maintain our coffee trees and in return receive 50% of the harvest. We buy this back from them at the 30% surplus price. Meet our Farmers
Empowering prosperity: After providing supplementary high quality arabica coffee to our partner farmers, we give training in organic and sustainable farming practices. This relationship based on mutual respect and trust empowers our partners in producing higher quality coffee, and therefore generating higher incomes.
Creating jobs: Multiple rounds of harvesting are necessary to select the highest quality, fully ripe cherries Munduk buys from other farms in the region. This generates employment for local pickers.
Nyoman Dana picking the cherries
This year Munduk created several new jobs in the region for builders, drivers, coffee processors, roasters and packagers. To ensure our high quality standards, this year we have invested heavily in our facilities. Munduk has built raised bed drying tables and rain sheltering, processing stations and brand new packaging and roasting facilities.
Most of our marketing materials have also been produced in Bali, creating jobs for the local photographers, designers and printers.
The Bali based branch of the Munduk Sales Team is actively pursuing new customers in their local market.
Munduk uses shade grown coffee produced according to sustainable, organic principles. These farming methods have a tangible, positive impact on the environment compared to other coffee growing methods and crops.
Shadow trees, which are needed to protect the coffee trees, create a fertile ecosystem: they are all small reservoirs of water and attract insects and bird life. The birds keep the insects under control so that pesticides are not necessary.
Not only do the trees attract birds, but also bees and bats. These natural pollinators facilitate greater yield of other crops on the island, such as fruit and vegetables.
Shade trees return vital nutrients to the soil and contribute to cleaner air and water by functioning as natural filters. The root system stabilises the fertile top layer of soil, even during the rainy season.
Long term benefits
Organically and shade grown coffee can be farmed for generations. Other cash crops such as mandarins, flowers and cloves exhaust the land, rendering it unproductive. As a result, farmers will cut, or even burn down forests in order to plant new fields or create cattle grazing land. We don’t have to explain how harmful this is for the environment.
Name: Munduk Moding Plantation (Google Maps)
Size: 5 hectares/12,5 acres
Elevation: 1100 – 1300 meters (3600 – 4200 feet)
Climate: Consistent year round microclimate of warm days (+/- 22-26℃) & cool nights (+/- 14-19℃)
Shade Trees: Existing old growth forest, Red Coral, Lamtoro (indigenous soft wood tree)
Farming type: Fully organic (natural fertilizers/NO pesticides) Learn more
Coffee types grown: 70% Arabica, 30% Robusta
Types of trees: S 795 and Kopyol
Origin of trees: Descendants of trees brought from Sulawesi
Our Farmers: 4 neighboring farmers maintain their own sections of the plantation, in return they keep ½ of the total harvest which Munduk purchases back for an above market price
Harvesting: Only red(ripe) cherries, 2-3 picking rounds
Harvest period: June – September
Total Harvest: 1500kg processed beans
Types of Processing: Fully Washed, Dry Processed(Natural/Dry Hull), Honey Processed/Giling Basah/Wet Hull. Learn more
Drying location: local and at Seririt (at sea level) altitude (Add Google map link)
History: The Dutch brought coffee trees to Bali in the 1880’s. Dutch records dating from this time show that coffee was widely grown on Bali, specifically in Northern Bali. The common processing method back then was the Dry or Natural Process method. Newly harvested cherries were brought by horseback to villages at lower altitudes. There, still covered with the sweet cherry fruit, they were spread over drying fields under the warm Bali sun.
Meet our farmers at Munduk Moding Plantation!
Ketut’s has years of farming experience with Fully Washed arabica. But this year she helped develop our techniques in pulping and washing of Honey Processed coffee. Her efforts have played an important role in our first harvest using this special coffee processing method.
Ketut is very active in maintaining the Munduk Moding Plantation.
Early in the morning you can find her spreading organic compost at the base of her coffee trees and clearing away weeds.
Working as a farmer on the Munduk Plantation together with her husband Nyoman Dana, has allowed her to fulfill her dream of sending her four kids to school and owning her own house.
Born on the eastern part of Bali, the eruption of Mount Agung in 1963 pushed his family to move to the safer area in the North. There the coffee world was introduced to the very young Nyoman. He started as a young coffee picker, carrier and later became a coffee farmer himself. After decades of experience as a coffee grower, Munduk has encouraged him to get involved in the post harvest processes: the wet processing, drying and the sortation in particular.
Kadek has worked with Munduk Moding Plantation since it’s inception. In the last decade she has been instrumental in the rejuvenation of the Plantation, helping with clearing out old growth, and planting and maintaining shade trees and arabica seedlings.
Those seedlings she planted and maintained are now providing her with a nice income. She receives 50% of the harvest from her own plot on the Munduk Moding Plantation. Munduk Coffee buys this back from her, and pays a premium of 30% more.
Our partners in Asah Gobleg
Polos’s garden: Pak Polos was born into a coffee farming family and inherited the small farm from his father very near to our own plantation. “Pak” is the title one uses in Bali when showing respect.
Polos has been very close to Munduk Moding Plantation for many years, having worked on many construction projects involving water management. These projects have in turn helped provide clean water to the community.
Munduk Coffee purchased practically the whole harvest from Pak Polos’ 1 hectare plantation. But Polos didn’t let all of his coffee go to Munduk. He also kept some for his own consumption!
At 71 years old, Nyoman Sedana is a respected “coffee elder”. Through his earlier work on Bali’s coffee plantations he has first hand knowledge of how coffee develops at different altitudes and how it performs under different maintenance techniques.
Forty years ago Nyoman settled in Asah Gobleg and started growing coffee on his 3 hectare plantation. He is considered to be a pioneer among coffee farmers in the region and many younger farmers turn to him for advice.
As time passes, many of his coffee friends have decided to convert their acreage to cash crops, but not Nyoman. His perseverance has been rewarded: coffee grown on his plantation of 3 acres is considered to be the best in the area.
Munduk Coffee bought 75% of his harvest this year.
Even after decades of experience in coffee production, Nyoman is very excited to work with Munduk Coffee. He is pleased with the opportunity to further deepen his coffee knowledge and work with like-minded friends.
Pak Nyoman dries his coffee in the centuries-old “natural” or “dry hull” way. Ever willing to gain more coffee skills, Pak Nyoman spent a considerable part of his time at our processing site to learn about the different processing techniques such as fully washed and honey processed. Learn more
Wanagiri Farmers Cooperation
Munduk Moding Plantation and her neighboring farmers on the Asah Gobleg must supplement the yield of their own farms by purchasing coffee cherries from other farmers on the fertile plateau. We have chosen the Wanagiri farmers’ cooperative as our supplier.
Not only does Wanagiri have a reputation for producing top quality coffee, they have many certifications:
Wanagiri is located at about 5 kilometres from Munduk Moding Plantation.
On the 40 hectare/100 acre plantation, Arabica Kopyol trees bear top quality red cherries.
We work closely with Pak Made Pasek, who has been designated by the co-operation to be the liaison between Wanagiri and Munduk Coffee.
Our partners/neighbours tell us that this year their harvest has DOUBLED IN SIZE! The habit of strip farming was widely used before Munduk Coffee’s demand for only red, ripe cherries became a motivational factor.
“Strip farming” entails removing all cherries at once by stripping the coffee off the branches. There is a great amount of waste due to rejected unripe/immature cherries.
Although our farmer partners must visit the trees more often to engage in multiple harvesting rounds, the overall income from their land has increased by some 150% compared to last year.
This positive impact on quality improvement and economic progress is EXACTLY what we hoped to acheive!
The Bali team of Munduk Coffee is headed by Made Wardana and Gede Uliadnyana.
Made was born into a coffee family and grew up playing between the coffee trees on his family’s farm. He had the good grades and good fortune to be able to study in the city and later spent some years abroad working in tourism. Two years ago he returned to the village and, inspired by all the developments he had seen in the international coffee business, joined with the local farmers to help develop their businesses. He joined Munduk Coffee a year ago and still maintains his own small farm.
Made works closely with Gede Uliadnyana (or Gede Uli for his friends). Gede Uli is one of the founders of Munduk Coffee, and is also the general manager of Munduk Moding Plantation.
Gede Uli also grew up in a coffee family. His father is still farming the land where Gede also spent his childhood. Gede has had a life long interest in nature – being an avid hiker, gardener and bee keeper. He trained to be a hotelier, worked in different functions in various hotels before partnering with the Dutch family, with whom he set up Munduk Moding Plantation in 2007. He and his family have been planting a wide range of trees, vegetables and coffee plants at Munduk Moding Plantation – including some wild varieties that were discovered in the forest but are not yet ready for commercialisation.
The other founder of Munduk Coffee is Gede Suparwata. Although Gede S.’s father worked as a teacher rather than coffee farmer in the Munduk/Gobleg area, coffee is such an integral part of the region that Gede was also introduced to coffee at a young age. When his father was appointed to another teaching post on the island, Gede left his friends on the coffee plantations. In 2007 the graduated Gede S. joined the Munduk team to work on the revitalization projects at the plantation. His destiny seems to be in the coffee busines as he now spends his time actively promoting Munduk Coffee in Bali, together with his colleague Prima.
Prima is so far the only lady on the team. So dedicated and involved in the Munduk Coffee project that only hours before her son was born she was out on the plantation making sure her coffee trees would be okay without her during the weeks to follow.
The young Prima married a coffee farmer in a village named Wanagiri, also the location of the farmers’ cooperative from which we buy our cherries. She helped Munduk Coffee establish contact with longstanding coffee families at Wanagiri. This facilitated our working relationship based on mutual respect and trust.
Prima spends her days, together with Gede S., promoting Munduk Coffee to other hotels on the island and brainstorming about new marketing projects.
There are two young, superbly energetic man who helped with transport, wet processing, drying, sorting pulped cherries, packaging etc who we called Jablah and Jayak. They, as the rest of the team, has their own small coffee plantation.
Irene Roozen, Co-founder
Irene Roozen and her family are the “founders” of Munduk Moding Plantation (MMP) and co-founders van Munduk Coffee. The objective to export our coffees to Europe and have a lasting impact on the living conditions of the farmers in the Munduk area was fundamental to the foundation of MMP itself, but it took a number of years to bring together the right team to realise this vision. Irene and her family spent a large part of the summer of 2016 overseeing the harvest and the processing of the first batch of specialty coffee together with Pak Gede and Pak Made.
Emiel Roozen, Co-founder
Co-founder and investor in Munduk Coffee, Emiel is a coffee addict with a passion for top quality coffee. During the start-up phase of Munduk Coffee he learned everything about the coffee chain, from cherry to bean, from roasting to brewing the perfect espresso.
Leigh McDonald, Co-founder, Coffee Knowlegde
Leigh brings 30 years of coffee experience to the Munduk Team. American born, but having lived in Holland since 1995, Leigh has worked closely with the Bali team to create our 100% Bali Arabica Blend. You can contact her about Munduk Coffee for horeca or for your business, and for advice on machines. As an experienced jury member of the Dutch Barista Championships, she provides our extensive barista training. Having owned her own espressobars in Holland, she can help advise you on your (startup) business.
Also for your green coffee questions, Leigh will gladly assist you. Contact Leigh
THE MUNDUK FOUNDATION
The boutique hotel located at Munduk Moding Plantation set up a small informal foundation to support the local community. As the hotel became more popular, we have been able to provide more support. With the added strength of Munduk Coffee, the informal foundation has now been turned into a registered Indonesian Foundation (Jayasan) whose board of Directors consists of the Indonesian management of the boutique hotel and Munduk Coffee.
This support given by the foundation presently consists of the following activities:
- the provision of scholarships to poor but bright students to finish high school and to continue College Education. Where possible we will privilige girls who are still somewhat disadvantaged compared to their brothers. There are presently seven students on a fellowship.
- Support for environmental activities and environmental education/training: this is also supported by MMP’s Green Team which works with the village to remove plastic dumps and hazardous waste; the Foundation has provided wastebins to the village allowing waste to be sorted and therefore more safely processed;
- We provide access to our dedicated well to the local school which has no running water and provide the school more generally with financial support;
- We provide free English language classes to local youth given the poor standard of instruction in Public schools;
- The Foundation supports the local arts and culture. We fund a Balinese dance Group for young girls, support a martial arts group for boys and subsidies various cultural activities such as the Ogoh Ogoh parades held around Nyepi (silence) day;
- The Foundation funds various health checks of staff and members of the Community to ensure prevention of common diseases;
- General support for activities undertaken by the local administration for the improvement of the conditions of the villagers such as, for example, the construction of a playground;
- The Foundation is considering providing a small Public Library with a stock of good quality books and two internet connected computers for local children.
The precise support is closely co-ordinated with the local community, notably the ADAT (the customary village hierarchy) and the Head of the village. We believe that they are best placed to identify pressing needs and advise us on how we can best support the local community. This is also essential to avoid jealousies and controversies with our neighbours.
Finally, the Foundation will be publishing an annual report detailing its activities which will be available to all customers of Munduk Coffee through this website.